Health Benefits of Indium

Toxic chemicalsTo quote UCSD: “Indium has no known biological function, and the scientific literature does not support the claims about indium’s benefits on health.” I could just end there, but it seems there is a need for information about this supposed panacea.

Yet another health supplement hits the streets, this time in the form of indium sulfate. Apparently, it “is a rare trace mineral that supports several hormonal systems in the body. Indium may strongly elevate immune activity and reduce the severity and duration of a myriad of human conditions.” That’s according to the website, which goes on to claim that the element will “normalize the hypothalamus and pituitary gland in the brain.”

The site explains, that “As the conductor of various studies on indium, Dr. Schroeder (the scientist best known for inventing the means to take lead out of gasoline) found that possibly the most important function of Indium is to normalize the hypothalamus and pituitary gland in the brain.”

Well, the late Henry A. Schroeder of Dartmouth Medical School, a leading toxicologist, spent years highlighting the problems of lead toxicity.*

Meanwhile, back to indium. Elemental discoveries are a boon to any marketeer, especially if you can convince consumers to buy, buy, buy. A document entitled: “Patented Indium Trace Element in Marketing Form Available for License” suggests how this can be so

There are 3 questions that a company should ask when considering the addition of a new product for its product line:

  • What is it that I can sell abundantly, at a high profit and worldwide, exclusively?
  • Why will my customers want to continue to use it, daily, for the rest of their lives?
  • How will my customers be able to afford to use it daily, all of their lives, continuously?

It then tells us how these pertain to indium (In, element 49) and how a clever marketer might exploit the patent on the health benefits of indium.

So, where do the supposed health benefits of indium come from or is it just a marketing scam? What about those claims that it affects the activity of glands in the brain. Well, indium is an element in the same group of the periodic table as boron, aluminium, and gallium, oh and thallium, so one would not expect it to be particularly beneficial or even essential to health. Indeed, aluminium is a neurotoxin.

However, Schroeder, towards the end of his life, wheelchair bound with muscular dystrophy, included indium in some of his last few experiments. He apparently, demonstrated that lab animals, on lifetime indium, had fewer cancers than controls. Other than references to the use of indium in imaging agents, I can find nothing in the medical literature regarding the positive health benefits of daily supplementation with indium, not then, not now.

Yet, the web is littered with so-called health food sites selling indium sulfate to unwitting consumers, presumably, exploiting that marketing guidance I found on at least one site. However, there is one site to which I shall refer you and that is the webelements site from Sheffield University’s Mark Winter. the entry for indium explains that depending on dose (by injection):

All indium compounds should be regarded as highly toxic. Indium compounds damage the heart, kidney and liver, and may be teratogenic

So, who do you trust most, a health website hoping to get repeat sales based on your fears of poor health as you get older, or a well-respected site from a leading research team at a top university? I’m pretty sure I don’t want to be ingesting an indium compound daily for the rest of my life in the vague hope that represents some undiscovered panacea, that would just be bad medicine

This item originally published July 25, 2005, was overhauled and updated on July 2, 2008.

*Schroeder did not, as far as I know, despite the wording of the above quote, develop a method for removing lead from gasoline. Why would you need to do that? The petrochemical companies used to add tetraethyl lead as an antiknocking agent, so the simplest method for its “removal” is just not to add it in the first place. You don’t need to develop a method to remove lead from petrol!

Incidentally, tetraethyllead was first added to gasoline in 1923 and it quickly became obvious that workers at the three manufacturing plants were becoming psychotic and dying from its toxic effects. The issue was essentially hushed up and “research” between 1926 and 1965 claimed a consensus that lead was only a problem at high exposure levels and atmospheric lead from vehicle exhausts was not a problem at all. We now know different, thanks partly to the efforts of Schroeder.

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Author: David Bradley

Freelance science journalist, author of Deceived Wisdom. Sharp-shooting photographer and wannabe rock god.

51 thoughts on “Health Benefits of Indium”

  1. I have been taking indium for a week now. I can tell a big difference in my vision, it has become clear, HD, crisp and sharp. My strength has greatly improved and it seems to be curing my adrenal fatigue. My wife said to me “hey your loosing your stomach.” the only thing I’ve done different is take indium sulfate, it works.

  2. Well, fair enough, no one’s saying you can’t be sarcastic, just that it casts doubt on your profesionalism and anove all, it is unwarranted.

  3. Indium is not a herbal medicine. And, yes, I know that herbs have healing properties (some of them). Indeed, as I’ve mentioned several times here and elsewhere approx 35-40% of prescription medicines have plant origins! Anyway, this is my blog, I can be as sarcastic as I like if I think such a response is warranted given an ill-informed comment.

  4. Dr, honestly, your sarcasm is unwarranted. So people have routines to optimise their health using the tools nature has given us? Is that absurd? Herbs have healing properties, that is as proven as something can be using scientific method. Epidemiologically even more of these tools are ‘proven’. Synthetic compound-based treatments should surely be a last resort to natural healing through nutrition.

    No, completely unwarranted sarcasm and Rachelle is completely right to call you up on it.

  5. Rachelle, Rachelle, Rachelle, “even though it is produced by the human body”? You’re joking, right? You have a nuclear reactor inside you to transmute one element into another, do you?

    Anyway, toxicity is about dose and absorption: “Indium is not known to be used by any organism. In a similar way to aluminium salts, indium(III) ions can be toxic to the kidney when given by injection”

    As to my remark about unicorn tears, one gets so irritated by the snake oil pedlars and their hyperbole that the occasional sarcastic remark is warranted simply because it can be so cathartic.

  6. “All indium compounds should be regarded as highly toxic. Indium compounds damage the heart, kidney and liver, and may be teratogenic”
    Indium is toxic?? Really? Even though it is produced by the human body and is in all people until the age of about 25-40 when it stops being producted?
    Did you even do any research on this before you wrote your article?
    also, the comment about unicorn tears… wow, you are so unprofessional that i cant see anyone taking anything you say seriously.
    Good job.

  7. Interesting perspective. Allopathic medicine with its tests and safety nets vs the spurious claims and exponential marketing nonsense of alt medics? My GP has also considered the cause, but many conditions (other than infection) do not have an obvious etiology and just because you have an aloe vera plant in the corner of the surgery and a bronze statue of Buddha on your practitioner’s desk doesn’t mean they can discern the cause either…

  8. I received a booklet on Indium and dove into the web to try to research Indium and found this site. Interesting dialogue.
    I prefer the natural approach over allopathic, believing it is better to understand and approach the cause instead of the symptom. I also believe the FDA is influenced too greatly by Big Pharm. I take supplements and herbs, but I do my research. Accepting only the marketers information is just as senseless as being an underinformed voter and choosing a candidate based on their parties propoganda machine. I believe we are ultimately responsible for ourselves, and should be as highly informed as possible before making any decision.
    Until I research Indium further I will not be adding it to my routine.

  9. Sorry to step on your toes. I have only reviewed this site a couple of times. In response to diet and exercise, this would depend on your goals. In general, the best diet for the general public based on my experience is a low carb diet. The simple carbs, refined carbs, white sugar and white flour, soda, energy drinks, etc should all be reduced or eliminted completely. Eat most of your food (80%) that is considered alkaline forming with 20% acid forming. This increases the pH to slightly alkaline and helps the body regenerate not degenerate and give you most the nutrients and enzymes needed for good health. This is just basic and quick but you should get the idea. You can find the info under acid alkaline diet and food charts.
    Exercise should be just enough to raise your heart rate and keep it there for 30-40 min. Treadmill of cycling are great. If you want to loose weight or if you have osteoperosis add weight resistant exercise to your program. This will help stimulate your own natural levels of hGH and will increase lean muscle mass and help burn more calories, increase circulation and increase your energy levels just to name a few things.
    As far as our prehistoric ancestors, they didn’t have microwave ovens, flash freezing, food preservatives, fast food – McDonalds, Burger King or get food or drinks from cans, bottles, boxes or bags.
    With all that being said how many people do you know that do eat what they should? How many people exersice like they should? This is where the word SUPPLEMENT comes in to play i.e. trace minerals, vitamins, herbs, or indium. Most people need some sort of supplement to aid them to better level of nutrition. This will be different for each one of us. Just as two Chevy trucks may look the same on the outside, one is diesel and one is gas. Under the hood is where they differ. Therefore, each one of us may require a different supplement in different forms. This is again seen not only with supplements but also as with drugs. We all know someone that took a drug and it seemed to help but the next person got sick or even died from it. The same is true for supplements.
    Back to indium. I believe the same may be true of this compound, (my opinion). I have read site after site, reading the bad publicity and the statements or claims of benefits. I conclude from these readings that every one of these sites takes bits and pieces of truths to support their beliefs (again, my opinion). None appear to be completely non-biased. It would be nice if someone would be able to perform a non-biased, double blind study or two. Maybe, nothing would change and more than likely not. Those that are believers will argue the fact of any negative findings and those anti-belivers will do the opposite. This seems to be the case in my experience of other studies especially on Pharma-drugs.
    Once again I state that if you are concerned about the negative effect, either do pre and post tests to check for toxicity levels, monitor your liver, kidney and pancreatic panel, and a CBC with diff to make sure it’s not effecting your immune system or organs of your body. Once again, if you feel bad on anything, something does not feel right, pay attention to your body and STOP IMMEADIATELY!

    FYI- Don’t always believe what the FDA claims is safe or true, good or bad.

    One Example of many:

    Arthritis drug Vioxx (Rofecoxib) has been voluntarily recalled by Merck & Co Inc. worldwide.
    The move to pull the COX-2 inhibitor off the market on September 30, 2004 shocked the arthritis world and rocked the stock value of Merck.

    The Reason

    The decision to recall Vioxx followed a three year trial, known as APPROVe (Adenomatous Polyp Prevention on Vioxx), which was a multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study to determine the effect of Vioxx on the recurrence of neoplastic polyps of the large bowel in patients with a history of colorectal adenoma.

    The trial which begain in 2000, involved 2,600 patients and compared Vioxx 25 mg. to placebo. The study revealed that an increased risk of cardiovascular complications began 18 months after patients started taking Vioxx.( Note, they do give specifics on % of patients effected cardiovascular or colorectal adenoma, etc.)

    On Dec. 8, 2005, NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine) dropped a bombshell in an editorial alleging that Merck withheld data and information that would affect conclusions drawn in the manuscript about the VIGOR (Vioxx Gastrointestinal Outcomes Research) study which appeared in the NEJM on November 23, 2000. See: Merck Withheld Pertinent Information About Vioxx

    I am not claiming to be an expert at indium, its compound forms, uses, benefits of adverse reactions. I am just stating my experience and opinions about some facts and some beliefs and the right for freedom of choice and to make people aware and educate them on the good or bad.

    Dr D.

  10. I suffered from health problems for 18 years and went from doctor to doctor and no one could help me. The prescriptions they gave me only made things worse. I even saw a phyciatrist who after seeing me for a period of time that there was definetly something physical going on with me. He sent me to the hospital to have many tests run and still nothing. I started seeing an alternative doctor and doing lots of herbs, supplements, and organic foods and I am getting well.I took some precriptions and the alternative doctor encouraged them until my body healed. I had to take prevacid for my stomach until we healed it with supplements. I was very skeptical fo alternative medicine when I started but was desperate to try anything because no one had helped me up to that point. I have proof in my life that supplements work. I am taking indium and am not the least concerned about any side effects because it is such a small amount I am taking. Some prescription medicines have dangerous side effects. That being said I am not against prescripton meds-I firmly believe in integrated medicine. I was talking to someone who had been to an interaged medical clinic-I think she said it was at Duke University. This is the medicine of the future and whats best for the patient.

  11. Dr D…

    I don’t think I have ever said pharma products did not have side effects. At least ten years before the mainstream media caught on to adverse drug reactions (ADRs) I was writing about them in my Alchemist column on ChemWeb! Sheesh. Keep up would you?

    As to supplements and indium in particular…if you’re eating “better” (please define that) and exercising (how much, what kind?), then you shouldn’t need supplements or indium. There is no distinction between stuffing down ibuprofen or indium, neither are components of the diet our prehistoric ancestors would have eaten, neither can be called natural in that sense.

  12. That was the most ignorant thing I have ever heard. Pharmaceutical drugs are not good for you in any way. They are drugs and they have side effects. Do you ever read or watch tv and see all the different side effects they have on your health. They always tend to have a greater side effects and risks then benefits. In many cases however it may save your life and enable you to live longer, not necessarily a better life, but longer. The PDR or ( Physicians Desk Reference) can tell you about all of this. As far as “natural, holistic, vitamins, minerals, and herbs, yes these too can have side effects. They are not just bunk and quack medicine or a myth. However, evertime just one person has a negative effect to a supplement it is critisized and labeled unsafe and toxic, yet do any of you know that Tylenol is the number one (over the counter drug) leading cause of liver failure in the U.S. (Just releaed this week) Ibu profen and other NSAIDS or anti-inflammatories are the number leading cause of kidney failure and kidney damage in the U.S. Just the NSAIDS alone kill over 35,000 people every year people. Not any one vitamin, supplement in history or even all of them combined has ever done anything to a fraction.
    Bottom line folks eat better, exercise, live right is the best way to health. Health does not come from a pill. Drugs do not make you healthy.
    As far as indium goes, the merck manual does indicate that taken orally and in the proper dose is non-toxic. I am certian that the supplier is also very crucial. As with any product on the market be it food or supplement comes in different qualities. Try to find your supplements that are made with pharmacuetical grade products and labs. Be smart with everythig you take, if you feel worse stop. You can have your hair tested for mineral levels including toxicity before and after if you choose to see if indium or any minerals toxic or not may exist in your system.
    Open your eyes and read, stop being brain washed, do your own research and stop believing everthing you read on the internet. Remember that any one can right anything, this does not make it so.

  13. Merck Index – 9th edition (page 655)
    4829 – Indium… Indium salts are relatively non-toxic when administered orally; highly toxic when administered subcutaneously or intravenously.

    4835 Indium, Sulfate (Indium salt that used in most health supplements)
    MLD [Minimum Lethal Dose] in rabbits: 1.8 g / kg orally.
    This is approximately 6.3 oz for 220 lbs
    Other Indium compounds (e.g. Telluride, Trichloride) are very poisonous.

    Typical supplements contain 1 milligram Indium Sulfate per drop.
    Dosage of 4 drops per day yields insignificant evidence of dosage beneficial or detrimental effect on the human body.

    While Indium Sulfate is relatively harmless the base purity of the Indium used is critical. Indium typically has trace level impurities of lead, cadmium, or nickel.
    Indium claims to increase red blood cell oxygenation, increases glandular Manganese, Zinc and Copper. Indium poisoning induce cell necrosis usually involving blood, liver, kidney and heart.

    Indium Sulfate has an HMIS rating of 2.
    HMIS – Hazardous Materials Identification System
    The 2 rating mean: Temporary or minor injury may occur

  14. Lucky…I’ve got no interest in quoting the drug cartels, the FDA runs the show in another country as far as I’m concerned, but I’m afraid the so-called “holistic” way of life is a myth. I am all for avoiding unnecessary drugs and for exercising, eating good quality food, and finding plenty of time to relax. If that’s what you mean by holistic, then sure…but I am afraid there is little distinction between taking a herbal remedy or other “alternative” supplement and a pharma drug, except that pharma drugs will have had some degree of toxicology and testing, whereas you’re taking it on trust that a random concoction of herbs and heavy metals is not going to do you harm.

    I Googled Stemulite and find all kinds of fanciful ideas about it being a natural alternative to steroids…well…there’s nothing more natural than testosterone, just because a product gets tagged with natural, herbal, and holistic doesn’t mean it’s perfect. There are no panaceas in alt med nor conventional medicine.

    My mantra would be to avoid ingesting anything that isn’t food or drink. Supplements, herbals, tonics, tinctures, pharma products, all of it. Unless you’re life depends on it, of course, or the benefits strongly outweigh the risks.

  15. I was doing my own research on Stemulite and Indium ( the main ingredient ) when I ran across this site. After reading the last 32 post I have to laugh. Everyone of you that left a post are trying to convince David that Indium is safe to take. Clearly he does NOT believe in the Holistic way of life as he quoted the bi-laws of the drug cartels in his article ( FDA and Pharmaceutical companies ) Find a book titled “The Calling of An Angel” and read it.There you will learn about Essiac Tea and the truth about the FDA. Be advised this book is on the Goverment watch list. As for as Indium the FDA has approved its use in Stemulite. If you want to take it, do your own research then make a decision. Do or Do Not. As for me I am taking it. I am 51 years old and I am a corporate pilot. I take a flight physical every six months and an EKG one a year. I havent lost my medical yet. Need I say more about Indium.

  16. @Bill What a great rational response…I don’t think I ever advocated anyone taking pharmaceutical drugs for the sake of it. But, people should be warned, that just because they think of something as natural, vitamin or mineral doesn’t mean that there are no side-effects. It’s an ignorant attitude and a stupid stance to take. After all, what’s so natural about a synthetic indium salt compacted into a tablet?

  17. It´s so toxic !! I think you should see a doctor before you get many side-effect and will end at hospital. Indium will kill you: The only thing thats good for you is pharmaceutical-drugs ,forget vitamins and minerals they will not help you.

    Long live Pharmaceutical drugs!!!

  18. Great. I was taking a Supplement “stimulite” that contains trace* amounts. Putting toxins in my body that I was convinced were good and had positive effects.

  19. I think the “fundamental” science lies in the toxicity data for this compound which are to be found associated with a batch of any chemical product.

  20. What is the fundamental science / biologics regards indium sulfate ?

    I read a since referece to a quote from one source regards human toxcity, but where is the truth concerning this compund.
    Lost in wonder

  21. I tried a couple bottles of this Indium product “silver bullet” a couple years back. I really liked it. I used it for about a year. I have never had any negative reactions. Today I’m just fine. My brain is just fine. I am not paranoid, or scared. I would like to try a white gold/indium mix. I hear it’s great for the third eye, or is that just the pituitary, haha.

  22. Hahaha… Sharon where did get info about Indium sulfate being toxic? If you do belive in everything from FDA then your health will be the in best condition…lucky you that you have FDA

  23. I’d speak to your physician before doing anything hasty. Your sickness is probably totally unrelated to the tiny amount of indium in your crowns.

    Incidentally, the word toxin is usually reserved for poisonous substances produced by living things rather than discussion of elements, or indeed any other substance.

  24. I have just discovered that my 24 carat gold crowns contain approximately 1% indium…and that it is a highly toxic metal. I am very upset, because I have been getting sick and feel a galvanic current in my mouth (had all my silver/mercury amalgams removed in 1984.) Now I will have to have the crowns out, too. I cannot believe that a reputable dental laboratory puts this toxin in the gold crowns.

  25. @Bial Your comment looked like spam, but I upmoderated it after checking out the link. Anyway, it’s interesting that most of the references to germanium-132 refer to “organic germanium”, an oxymoron if ever there were one, given that germanium is a semimetallic element and strictly speaking “inorganic” by definition. But, I see that the 132 suffix (used in a very non-standard way) is referring to the compound bis-beta-carboxyethyl germanium sesquioxide, which supposedly has immune-stimulating properties.

    The most recent abstract in PubMed mentioning germanium-132 is from August 2001 and most papers before that seem to be available only in Chinese. One paper from 1991 suggests some mild renal toxicity in rats of this compound.

  26. Thank Andra for sharing this!

    I know for sure that FDA has tried to suppress many supplements that will affect our health dramatically. Soon Bill C-51 regulation will take affect . This bill was designed to bring all Natural Health Products into the same class as prescription.

    There are many excellent supplement but no company will do any research, they will not get any patent on natural health supplement. Indium sulfate is indeed a fantastic supplement whiteout any side effect.

    Germanium-132 is extreme effective in again-process and to bust up your immunity.

    Colloidal is big threat to pharmaceutical-cartel and FDA are helping then to suppress the use of silver.

    Please check out Dr.Hulda Clark and also Dr.Bob Beck and you will get amazing information regarding your health.

    Keep in open mind and do your own research !

  27. If you really want to research a highly beneficial “non toxic” substance, look into
    “Carnivora.” This 100% natural compound was isolated for human and animal
    consumption over 30 years ago by a German physician.

    It’s entirely antipathogenic against viruses, microbes, parasites, harmful bacteria,
    harmful fungi, inflammation. The compound will not harm a single normal cell! It
    also “wakes up” all the immune components in the immune system!

    Best to all.

  28. Watch many prime-time tv channels and you will see who is most effectively utilizing the 3 guidelines outlined in this article: the pharmaceutical and over-the-counter drug industries.

  29. Mr/Ms Stemulite First, no need to capitalise element names. Second, not sure what scientific standpoint you’re referring to. The WDF* list you cite, doesn’t include indium, so where’s the connection?

    *which is it?

    World Darts Federation
    Web Designer’s Forum
    Windows Driver Foundation
    Washington Department of Fisheries

  30. I know the product, Stemulite, has indium in it. Many people rave about the health benefits of it.

    However, from a scientific standpoint, it is hard for me to ignore what WDF said, “Arsenic, Boron, Phosphorus are all highly toxic but also “essential” elements to the human body.” Very, very true.

  31. For the past 7+ yrs.,my 79 year old father has had Parkinson’s/Alzheimer’s and has been taking indium and cell foods. At first my family didn’t believe that this was good for dad. The first time that we ran out of indium my mother made it 3 days before she called me…crying and wanting me to hurry up and order more. Why? Because my dad had become ,”goofy” and had that, “far away look in his eyes” , better know as “the mask”. My father is on some of the standard drugs for this disease and the dosge is low. He amazes his MDs with how well he is doing. Recently he was helping me unload some wood and fell…now i want to think it was his knees as they have always gave him trouble…who knows. Any way he broke his hip and the first thing they did was cut out the indium. After a week in the hospital/nursing home he was,”goofy” and wearing “the mask”, The family decided we should slip him the indium and after to doses (2 days) we could once again carry on a conversation with dad. INDIUM WORKS Dr. Schroeder was on target when he said that “possibly the most important function of Indium is to normalize the hypothalamus and pituitary gland in the brain.” Incidently, in the 1800’s Indium was widely available in our soils, which means it was in our food, hence in our diets. Minute triations as dosage makes Indiums usefulness a reality.

  32. Dave, This first sentence doesnt make any sense, “Those compounds don’t to be essential “neat”. ” I agree, there may be a latent role that is not understood. The studies done on Inium are targeted at the industrial exposure levels, and usualy are chemical combinations specific to the industry, not Indium Sulfate alone.

  33. Those materials aren’t essential in “neat” form, they usually exist in compounds or biochemical complexes. There may be some latent role for an indium complex somewhere in the body, but still I’d resist taking supplements. Interestingly, and almost related, zinc supplements contain cadmium.

  34. Arsenic, Boron, Phosphorus are all highly toxic but also “essential” elements to the human body. There is much that hasn’t been studied, much that has in this world. Some day Indium will get more time in the lab to be studied as supplement. It is interesting to read that HGH falls off about the same time that Indium levels fall of in 20 something’s.

  35. You can drink all the Indium milkshakes you like, but before doing so, you might want to consider that the Indium Corporation, which would have the most to gain from an expanded market for Indium, put this disclaimer on their Web site:

    “Indium Corporation does not recommend, manufacture, market, or endorse any of our products for human consumption.”

  36. Yeah, right. Indium, of course, melts at more than 156 Celsius, and you just happened to have a sample at that temperature ready to drop into your shake, did you? I think not.

  37. Kayani, how long have you been taking that stuff?! Not all negative health effects are immediately discernable to the patient. You might be slowly poisoning yourself.

    And this is positively ridiculous. The idea that people would be able to make claims like this in the U.S.! Someone needs to give the FCC and USDA their teeth back!

  38. This from the MSDS on indium sulfate:

    “To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of indium is not fully known. Exposure to indium compounds may cause pain in the joints and bones, tooth decay, nervous and gastrointestinal disorders, heart pain and general debility. Experiments with animals also indicate that indium may cause reduced food and water consumption with weight loss, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, blood, liver and kidney damage, leg paralysis and damage to the brain, heart, adrenals and spleen.”

    Not something I’d personally want to ingest on a regular basis because of some outlandish claims of health benefits.

  39. Indium sulfate is non toxic to human body . I have being testing it at high doses ( above 80 milligram) daily whit out any problems on my health. I did have problem whit getting sleep on high-doses.I fell very energized when taking indium sulfate. It is working at every parts in my body.
    I recommend it for boosting you immunity, giving more stamina, giving a better well-being and giving you more confident.

  40. I’ve done some more research on this and can find nothing to support any health claims for indium, except as an element used in medical imaging. Indeed, indium and its compounds are toxic and may be teratogenic. Schroeder would have known this.

  41. Nevertheless…have things changed in 3 years? (Esp. your opinion.) What’s the latest on this? I know people are now peddling the stuff, and I’m interested in alternative cures…be they successful or accidentally lethal.

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