Nobel Prize for Physics

We've published our listing of the Nobel chemists now here are the winners of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Nobel Medicine and Physiology listing will be published soon.

2010 Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene"

2009 Charles K. Kao, Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith for fibre optics and digital imaging (the CCD in every digital camera).

2008 Yoichiro Nambu Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, IL, USA "for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics" and the other half jointly to: Makoto Kobayashi, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Japan and Toshihide Maskawa, Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics (YITP), Kyoto University, and Kyoto Sangyo University, Japan: "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"

2007 Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg - discovery of giant magnetoresistance effect used in modern hard drives

2006 John C. Mather and George F. Smoot - empirical evidence for the Big Bang via COBE

2005 Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall, and Theodor W. Hänsch - quantum theory of optical coherence (Glauber), laser-based spectroscopy (Hall and Hänsch)

2004 David J. Gross, H. David Politzer, Frank Wilczek - strong nuclear force strong interaction)

2003 Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg, Anthony J. Leggett - superconductors and superfluids

2002 Raymond Davis Jr., Masatoshi Koshiba, Riccardo Giacconi - astrophysics X-ray sources and neutrinos

2001 Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle, Carl E. Wieman - Bose Einstein condensates

2000 Zhores I. Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack S. Kilby - semiconductors, opto-electronics, integrated circuits

1999 Gerardus 't Hooft, Martinus J.G. Veltman - electroweak force (electroweak interaction)

1998 Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer, Daniel C. Tsui fractional charge in quantum fluids

1997 Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, William D. Phillips - optical trap (laser cooling atom trap)

1996 David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff, Robert C. Richardson - superfluid helium-3

1995 Martin L. Perl, Frederick Reines - lepton physics - tau lepton and discovery of the neutrino

1994 Bertram N. Brockhouse, Clifford G. Shull - neutron scattering and neutron diffraction

1993 Russell A. Hulse, Joseph H. Taylor Jr. - pulsars

1992 Georges Charpak - particle detectors

1991 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes - order in liquid crystals and polymers

1990 Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall, Richard E. Taylor - underlying science of quark model

1989 Norman F. Ramsey, Hans G. Dehmelt, Wolfgang Paul - atom clocks and ion traps

1988 Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz, Jack Steinberger - neutrino beam muon neutrino

1987 J. Georg Bednorz, K. Alex Müller - ceramic superconductors

1986 Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binnig, Heinrich Rohrer - electron microscopy scanning tuneling microscope

1985 Klaus von Klitzing - quantized Hall effect

1984 Carlo Rubbia, Simon van der Meer - field particles W and Z weak interaction

1983 Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, William A. Fowler - stellar evolution origin of the elements

1982 Kenneth G. Wilson - phase transitions

1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen, Arthur L. Schawlow, Kai M. Siegbahn - laser spectroscopy, high resolution electron spectroscopy

1980 James Cronin, Val Fitch - fundamental symmetry particles

1979 Sheldon Glashow, Abdus Salam, Steven Weinberg - unification of weak and electromagnetic force

1978 Pyotr Kapitsa, Arno Penzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson - low temperature physics, cosmic background radiation

1977 Philip W. Anderson, Sir Nevill F. Mott, John H. van Vleck - magnetic and disordered systems

1976 Burton Richter, Samuel C.C. Ting - heavy elementary particle

1975 Aage N. Bohr, Ben R. Mottelson, James Rainwater - atomic nuclei connections

1974 Martin Ryle, Antony Hewish - radio astrophysics

1973 Leo Esaki, Ivar Giaever, Brian D. Josephson - tunneling in semiconductors, Josephson effect

1972 John Bardeen, Leon N. Cooper, Robert Schrieffer BCS theory of superconductors

1971 Dennis Gabor - holograms

1970 Hannes Alfvén, Louis Néel - plasma physics, magnetism

1969 Murray Gell-Mann - elementary particles

1968 Luis Alvarez - hydrogen bubble chamber and particle physics

1967 Hans Bethe - nuclear reactions in the stars

1966 Alfred Kastler optical studies of atoms

1965 Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, Richard P. Feynman - quantum electrodynamics

1964 Charles H. Townes, Nicolay G. Basov, Aleksandr M. Prokhorov - quantum electronics

1963 Eugene Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, J. Hans D. Jensen - atomic nucleus

1962 Lev Landau - condensed matter liquid helium

1961 Robert Hofstadter, Rudolf Mössbauer - electron scattering, gamma radiation

1960 Donald A. Glaser - bubble chamber

1959 Emilio Segrè, Owen Chamberlain - antiproton

1958 Pavel A. Cherenkov, Il´ja M. Frank, Igor Y. Tamm - Cherenkov effect

1957 Chen Ning Yang, Tsung-Dao Lee - parity laws of particle physics

1956 William B. Shockley, John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain - semiconductors and transistor

1955 Willis E. Lamb, Polykarp Kusch - fine structure of hydrogen spectrum, magnetic moment of the electron

1954 Max Born, Walther Bothe - quantum mechanics, coincidence method

1953 Frits Zernike - phase contrast microscope

1952 Felix Bloch, E. M. Purcell - nuclear induction

1951 John Cockcroft, Ernest T.S. Walton transmutation of atomic nuclei

1950 Cecil Powell - nuclear photography (!)

1949 Hideki Yukawa - prediction of mesons

1948 Patrick M.S. Blackett - development of Wilson cloud chamber method nuclear physics cosmic radiation

1947 Edward V. Appleton - upper atmosphere Appleton layer

1946 Percy W. Bridgman - high pressure physics

1945 Wolfgang Pauli - exclusion principle

1944 Isidor Isaac Rabi - nuclear magnetic resonance

1943 Otto Stern - molecular ray method magnetic moment of the proton

1939 Ernest Lawrence - cyclotron

1938 Enrico Fermi - new elements from neutron irradiation of nuclei

1937 Clinton Davisson, George Paget Thomson - electron diffraction

1936 Victor F. Hess, Carl D. Anderson - cosmic radiation, positron

1935 James Chadwick - neutron

1933 Erwin Schrödinger, Paul A.M. Dirac - atomic theory

1932 Werner Heisenberg - not sure (!) quantum mechanics uncertainty principle

1930 Venkata Raman - light scattering Raman effect

1929 Louis de Broglie - wave nature of electrons

1928 Owen Willans Richardson - thermionic phenomenon

1927 Arthur H. Compton, C.T.R. Wilson - Compton effect, cloud chamber

1926 Jean Baptiste Perrin - discontinuous matter sedimentation equilibrium

1925 James Franck, Gustav Hertz - electron impact on the atom

1924 Manne Siegbahn - X-ray spectroscopy

1923 Robert A. Millikan - photoelectric effect

1922 Niels Bohr - atomic structure

1921 Albert Einstein - theoretical physics photoelectric effect (2005 Einstein centenary)

1920 Charles Edouard Guillaume - precision measurements nickel steel alloys

1919 Johannes Stark - Doppler effect in canal rays splitting of spectral lines in electric fields

1918 Max Planck - the quantum

1917 Charles Glover Barkla - Röntgen radiation of the elements

1915 William Bragg, Lawrence Bragg - X-ray crystallography

1914 Max von Laue - X-ray diffraction

1913 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes - low temperature physics liquid helium

1912 Gustaf Dalén - automatic regulators for lighthouses and buoys

1911 Wilhelm Wien - heat radiation

1910 Johannes Diderik van der Waals - equation of state for gases and liquids

1909 Guglielmo Marconi, Ferdinand Braun - wireless telegraphy - radio

1908 Gabriel Lippmann - colour photography

1907 Albert A. Michelson - optical precision instruments spectroscopy

1906 J.J. Thomson - electrical conduction by gases

1905 Philipp Lenard - cathode rays

1904 Lord Rayleigh - gas densities discovery of argon

1903 Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie - radioactivity

1902 Hendrik A. Lorentz, Pieter Zeeman - effects of magnetism on radiation

1901 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen - Röntgen rays

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