Eurekalert Press Releases for Q1 2008

by David Bradley

International Journal of Environment and Pollution
Fire without smoke
Could combustion without flames be used to build industrial gas turbines for power generation that are much more efficient than current models and produce almost no polluting emissions? Researchers in the Middle East provide a possible answer in the current issue of the Inderscience publication, International Journal of the Environment and Pollution.

International Journal of Electronic Finance
The business of natural selection
Many gamblers claim to have a "system", whether they're shooting craps, backing horses or punting on the stock market. Now, researchers in Taiwan have devised an approach to spotting when a company is likely to fail based on the principles of natural selection. They report details of their system in the March issue of International Journal of Electronic Finance.

International Journal of Nanotechnology
Handheld DNA detector
A researcher at the National University at San Diego has taken a mathematical approach to a biological problem -- how to design a portable DNA detector. Writing in the International Journal of Nanotechnology, he describes a mathematical simulation to show how a new type of nanoscale transistor might be coupled to a DNA sensor system.

European Journal of International Management
Trading on social responsibility
Two of the leading lights in the academic world of international management recently revealed their inner thoughts on a wide range of economics, business and social issues in the European Journal of International Management from Inderscience Publishers.

International Journal of Nuclear Governance, Economy and Ecology
Nuclear cannibals
Nuclear energy must increase by more than 10 percent each year from 2010 to 2050 to meet all future energy demands and replace fossil fuels, but this is an unsustainable prospect. According to a report published in Inderscience's International Journal of Nuclear Governance, Economy and Ecology such a large growth rate will require a major improvement in nuclear power efficiency otherwise each new power plant will simply cannibalize the energy produced by earlier nuclear power plants.

International Journal of Nanotechnology
Cleaner water through nanotechnology
Tiny particles of pure silica coated with an active material could be used to remove toxic chemicals, bacteria, viruses, and other hazardous materials from water much more effectively and at lower cost than conventional water purification methods, according to researchers writing in the current issue of Inderscience's International Journal of Nanotechnology.

International Journal of Security and Networks
Sniffing out insider threats
A rapid way to spot insider threats from individuals within an organization such as a multinational company or military installation is reported in the International Journal of Security and Networks. The technology uses data mining techniques to scour email and build up a picture of social network interactions. The technology could prevent serious security breaches, sabotage, and even terrorist activity.

International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management
The trouble with hybrids
Hybrid electric vehicles are no more than a stop-gap until more sustainable technology is developed, according to a report published recently in the Inderscience publication International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management.

International Journal of Innovative Computing and Applications
Swarm approach to photography
A new approach to cleaning up digital photos and other images has been developed by researchers in the UK and Jordan. The research, published recently in Inderscience's International Journal of Innovative Computing and Applications uses a computer algorithm known as a PSO to intelligently boost contrast and detail in an image without distorting the underlying features.

International Journal of Vehicle Safety
Skull survey could improve vehicle safety
Women's skulls are thicker than men's, but they both shrink slowly after we reach adulthood. That's the conclusion of a new imaging study of 3,000 people published in the Inderscience International Journal of Vehicle Safety. The detailed results could help in the design of more effective devices for protecting the head in vehicle collisions and other accidents.

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